Les enjeux économiques : le pétrole
Asie Centrale | Colombie
Sur le site du Centre for Research on Globalisation (CRG) :
- Unocal Advisor Named
Representative to Afghanistan, by Patrick Martin, World Socialist
Web Site, 23 January 2002,
President Bush has appointed a former aide to the American oil company Unocal, Afghan-born Zalmay Khalilzad, as special envoy to Afghanistan. The nomination was announced December 31, nine days after the US-backed interim government of Hamid Karzai took office in Kabul.
- Afghanistan, the Taliban
and the Bush Oil Team, by Wayne Madsen, democrats.com, January 2002
According to Afghan, Iranian, and Turkish government sources, Hamid Karzai, the interim Prime Minister of Afghanistan, was a top adviser to the El Segundo, California-based UNOCAL Corporation which was negotiating with the Taliban to construct a Central Asia Gas (CentGas) pipeline from Turkmenistan through western Afghanistan to Pakistan.
- How US Oil Interests Play out
in US Bombing of Afghanistan, Drillbits and Tailings: Electronic Monthly on the Mining & Oil
Industries, 31 October, 2001
We have synthesized a number of current analyses into some key facts about how oil ties into the US government's long time involvement in Central Asia and its hopes of accessing the oil and gas riches of the area.
- Les terroristes noirs, liquides, cachés dans le sous-sol,
dossier de Solidaire (n° 39, 17 octobre 2001), hebdomadaire du PTB
- Energy Information Administration (EIA) (U.S. Government) :
- "Afghanistan's significance from an energy standpoint stems from its geographical position as
a potential transit route for oil and natural gas exports from Central Asia to the Arabian Sea..."
- "The Caspian Sea region is
important to world markets because it has large oil and gas reserves that are only now beginning to be fully
- Caspian region gas export pipelines,
"The distance from potential markets, as well as the lack of infrastructure to deliver this gas to customers and
several regional conflicts, tempered interest in the Caspian region's gas
- Caspian region oil export pipelines,
" The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 opened up new opportunities for oil companies and international investors in the Caspian region Sea
- Oil, Afghanistan and America's pipe
dream, George Monbiot, Dawn (Pakistan), 25 October 2001.
"If the US succeeds in overthrowing the Taliban and replacing them with a stable and grateful pro-western government and if the US then binds the economies of central Asia to that of its ally Pakistan, it will have crushed not only terrorism, but also the growing ambitions of both Russia and China. Afghanistan, as ever, is the key to the western domination of
- America, oil and Afghanistan,
Sitaram Yechury, The Hindu (online edition of India's National
Newspaper), Saturday, October 13, 2001.
"Afghanistan occupies the central position in the U.S. strategy for the economic control of the oil and gas resources in the entire Middle East".
- A war for the pipelines?,
BBC News (London), Thursday, 8 November, 2001
"Just four years ago Taleban officials were at the Texas headquarters of the US energy company Unocal to discuss building a gas pipeline across Afghanistan to Pakistan."
"But some say the current military campaign has a hidden objective - to revive that pipeline and open the way for US companies to build further facilities to carry central Asian oil."
"We're hostage to oil, that's as simple as you can put it. We have let the economic considerations take precedence" (Larry Johnson, Former CIA officer)
- Global Economy, The oil behind Bush and Son's
campaigns, Ranjit Devraj, Asia Times Online (Hong Kong), October 6, 2001.
"In 1998, the California-based UNOCAL, which held 46.5 percent stakes in Central Asia Gas (CentGas), a consortium that planned an ambitious gas pipeline across Afghanistan, withdrew in frustration after several fruitless years (...)
The "coalition against terrorism" that US President George W Bush is building now is the first opportunity that has any chance of making UNOCAL's wish come true."
Testimony by John j. Maresca, Vice president, international relations, Unocal corporation, to "House committee on international relations - Subcommittee on Asia and the
Pacific", February 12, 1998, Washington, D.C.
"In spite of this, a route through Afghanistan appears to be the best option with the fewest technical obstacles. It is the shortest route to the sea and has relatively favorable terrain for a pipeline. The route through Afghanistan is the one that would bring Central Asian oil closest to Asian markets and thus would be the cheapest in terms of transporting the oil."
- Oil rush, Liam Halligan,
Channel 4 News (London), October 25, 2001.
"Afghanistan is central to trying to move oil from there (Kazakhstan and the other Central Asian states) to the
- Afghanistan - Needed for Oil and Gas Pipelines,
"Theres no oil in Afghanistan but it holds the key to oil riches of Central Asia!"
- Oil Rigged.
There’s something slippery about the U.S. drug war in Colombia, by Thad
Dunning and Leslie Wirpsa, February 2001
The public face of U.S. policy toward Colombia has long been the war on drugs.
But that’s just part of the agenda. Plan Colombia is also about oil.
The Real Reason for US Aid to Colombia,
by Michael T. Klare,
April 7, 2000
The Clinton administration is pitching its proposed $1.6 billion gift to the Colombian military as a way to stem the flow of cocaine to the US; but it's got just as much to do with ensuring that another Colombian export -- oil -- keeps coming.
Colombia, Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government, Energy Information Administration,
Colombia is a major exporter of petroleum and coal and was the seventh largest source of U.S. oil imports in 2000.